|University of Bielefeld - Faculty of technology|
Networks and distributed Systems
Research group of Prof. Peter B. Ladkin, Ph.D.
|Back to Abstracts of References and Incidents||Back to Root|
There were 1,840 deaths from aircraft accidents in 1996. The previous highest figure is from 1985: 1,801 deaths. These figures exclude deaths from hijacking or other illegal interference with flight. Were these to be included, 1985 remains the worst year, because of the 329 deaths on the Air India B747 which crashed into the Atlantic off the coast of Ireland that year. In 1996, the only fatal such accident was that of the Ethiopian Airlines B767 off the Comoros Islands, which killed 128 passengers and crew. All-in total deaths are 1,967 for 1996 and 2,230 deaths for 1985.
The total number of fatal accidents, 57, was slightly larger than for 1995 (56) and was also the highest on record. 20 fatal accidents involved non-passenger airline operations (e.g., freight, aircraft repositioning). The UK CAA's Accident Analysis Group has confirmed that the accident rate for freighters is far higher that for passenger aircraft (1).
The total number of people on the ground who dies in air crashes was "by far the highest on record" at 364, with approximately the same number of serious injuries. However, most of these were caused by one event: the rejected take-off at Kinshasa by an Antonov An-32 which ran off the end of the runway and into a crowded marketplace, causing about 300 deaths and 250 serious injuries. The question of the wisdom of carrying on ground activities at the ends of runways arises continually, not only with large-aircraft operations but also, often in the United States, with light aircraft operations.
For details of all airline accidents in 1996, see (1), and for statistics 1959-1995 see (4). The following table summarises the accidents to commercial jet aircraft on passenger flights in 1996. I give the immediate `how', without specifying the cause. I use the following abbreviations:
|CFIT||Controlled Flight into Terrain (includes water)|
|LOC||Loss of Control|
|FOB||Fire on Board|
|UBF||Uncontained (engine fan-)Blade Failure|
|When||What||Where||Deaths (CRW/PX)||Occupants (CRW/PX)||How|
|6.2||Birgenair B757-200||Nr. Puerto Plata, Dominican Republic||13/176||same||Loss of Control|
|29.2||Faucett B737-200||Nr. Arequipa, Peru||6/117||same||CFIT on LNG|
|11.5||Valujet DC-9-30||Everglades, FL||5/105||same||LOC after FOB|
|13.6||Garuda Indonesia DC-10-30||Kyushu, Japan||-/3||15/260||Aborted TO|
|17.7||TWA B747-100||Nr. LI, NY||18/212||same||In-flight breakup|
|29.8||Vnukovo Airlines Tu-154||Nr. Spitzbergen, Norway||12/129||same||CFIT|
|5.9||Air France B747-400||Burkina Faso||-/1||18/206||Severe turbulence|
|2.10||AeroPeru B757||Off Lima, Peru||9/61||9/61||CFIT into ocean|
|31.10||TAM F100||Sao Paolo, Brazil||6/90||same||Probable LOC|
|7.11||ADC Boeing 727||Nr. Lagos, Nigeria||9/134||same||Unknown|
|12.11||Air India B747-100B||Nr. New Delhi, India||23/289||same||MAC|
|29.11||Ethiopian Airlines B767-200||Comoros Islands||10/117||12/163||Ditching after HJ|
(1): David Learmount,
Safety defeated (1996 Airline Safety Review),
Flight International, 15-21 January 1997, pp31-38.
(2): Anonymous, Airline Fatalities Rise Dramatically in 1996, Aviation Week and Space Technology, January 13, 1997, p383.
(3): Anonymous, US airline fatalities are the worst since 1985, Flight International, 88-14 January 1997, p12.
Statistical Summary of Commercial Jet Aircraft Accidents:
Worldwide operations 1959-1995,
Boeing Commercial Airplane Group, Seattle, WA, 1996.
Back to Top
Back to `Incidents and Accidents'.
|Copyright © 1999 Peter B. Ladkin, 1999-02-08|
by Michael Blume